The city of Leipzig is the largest city in the Federal State of Saxony, which is located in Central Germany and lies north of one of the biggest lignite mining regions in Europe. Therefore, many institutions and companies in this area deal with all kinds of aspects related to mining operations, as well as the environmental aspects of mining, such as the management of mine waters.
The Federal State of Saxony has a long mining tradition. In the mountain region around Freiberg, ore had been mined since the 12th century. The so called Ore Mountains mark the boarder between Saxony and the Czech Republic. Today the extraction of lignite has developed into the most important mining industry in Central Germany.
Leipzig has had a long and interesting history since its first documentation in the year 1015. During the Holy Roman Empire, it had been an important trade city and was also one of the European centers for education and culture, especially in the fields of music and literature.
Today, Leipzig is a booming city and together with other cities in the region, e.g. Halle/Saale, forms the Central German conurbation. Is is an economic center and has a well developed infrastructure.
The city center of Leipzig is full of historical and cultural treasures. The wonderful old town around the market and the city hall from the 16th century, are magnets for tourists and locals, who enjoy the romantic atmosphere. The center is also known for its many characteristic passages and courtyards, which were historically used by merchants.
The University of Leipzig was founded in the year 1409. Thus, Leipzig developed into a center for German law and the publishing industry. Famous Nobel prize laureates have been lecturers at University of Leipzig, e.g. Werner Heisenberg and Gustav Hertz. Some of the most well known students of University of Leipzig are Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Nietzsche and Angela Merkel.
Leipzig is world famous for its fair.
It is one of the oldest fairs in the world, dating to the 12th century. The modern day fair site was built in the year 1996. Today the most import fairs are the Leipzig book fair, the industrial fair Intec, the Games Convention, as well as public and touristic fairs.
The first German long distance railway ran from Leipzig to Dresden. The railway station Leipzig Hauptbahnhof opened in the year 1915 and is still the largest terminal station in Europe. Today, the station forms an important cross section between inter-regional and regional railway services. It is now also home to a modern shopping mall.
Leipzig has a prominent opera house from the 17th century.
Together with Gewandhaus orcherstra and Thomanerchor, Leipzig boasts a long-standing musical tradition.
Famous musicians and composers such as Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy and Johann Sebastian Bach have worked in Leipzig.
One of the species-richest zoos in Europe is located in Leipzig.
Founded in the 19th century, today it has become a modern zoological garden with a focus on species-appropriate animal housing.
The new tropical building “Gondwanaland” is an attraction for a vast number of tourists every year. It is home for many endangered species.
Part of Leipzig’s turbulent history can be seen at “Völkerschlachtdenkmal” – the Monument to the Battle of the Nations. Near Leipzig, the largest battle in Europe prior World War I took place, which was between Napoleonic France and a coalition of Prussia, Russia, Austria and Sweden. This coalition victory ended Napoleon’s presence in Europe.